Cancer can occur in people of any age, but many cancers are directly linked to age and have an increasing incidence as they are one age. Here are Most Common types of cancers you’re more likely to get as you age:
Cancer of the Breast
With age, the incidence of breast cancer increases. For instance, over the next ten years, a woman aged 50 has a 2.29 percent chance of getting breast cancer, while a woman aged 60 has a 3.48 percent chance of getting breast cancer over the next ten years. They have a 3.88 percent chance of getting breast cancer in the next ten years and a 6.16 percent chance of getting breast cancer in the next 20 years for women aged 70 years.
What is Cancer of the Breast?
Breast cancer occurs when cells in breast tissue that do not know how to shut off the production of more cells begin to grow out of control. Eventually, the cells replace normal breast tissue, can move through the lymph system to the lymph nodes, and can eventually spread throughout the body, including the liver, lungs, and brain. Breast cancer is a common disease that affects one in 8 women during the course of their lives.
Breast cancer symptoms
When it’s in its earliest stages, breast cancer has no symptoms. This is why it’s so important to have a regular mammogram. With a mammogram, a special kind of breast x-ray can be used to detect cancerous cells that can tell the difference between normal breast tissue and cancerous tissue.
Symptoms that indicate breast cancer that you may have include the following:
- Having a hard-like marble beneath the breast skin.
- Feeling a lump in the breast, particularly after menstruation.
- Swelling of the armpit
- Breast tenderness or pain
- The presence of a painful red breast that has a “orange-peel texture”
- A nipple indentation
- A breast tissue indentation
- A shift in breast size, texture or temperature
- Breast Itching Itching
- Bloody, clear, or other color of breast discharge
Breast Cancer Types
Not all cancers of the breast are of the same type. Breast cancer may be located in different parts of the breast and may be affected by different types of receptors, making them more or less susceptible to increased growth when female hormones are present.
The most common form of breast cancer is breast cancer that forms in the milk ducts. It can stay or break away from the ducts within the ducts and can become invasive. In the part of the breast where the milk is produced, lobular breast cancer is created. It can break out of the lobules and invade the rest of the breast tissue, just like ductal breast cancer. Breast cancer of the connective tissue is rarer. It occurs in the part of the breast that is the fatty tissue, tissue of the blood vessel, or breast muscle. Sarcomas are what these types of breast cancers are called.
Receptors of Hormones and Breast Cancer Types
Breast cancer may be classified by the type of hormone receptor located on the cells of breast cancer. Estrogen and progesterone are the two main female hormones. One of the three main types may be breast cancer. These receptor types are used by doctors to tailor the treatment each type of breast cancer receives.
The status of a breast cancer hormone receptor may be one of these:
- positive estrogen receptor. This could react to therapy with anti-estrogen.
- The positive progesterone receptor. This might respond to therapy with anti-progesterone.
- Negative hormone receptor. This has no hormone receptors, and is the most difficult to treat because medications that block estrogen and progesterone do not slow growth.
Breast Cancer Prevention
To detect cancer at its earliest stages, the best thing you can do is to have a regular mammogram. Now, starting at the age of 45 years, the American Cancer Society recommends annual mammograms. Women can have their mammogram screening earlier in life with strong family histories of breast cancer.
Obesity also strongly affects breast cancer. In many women, irrespective of age, maintaining one’s weight through exercise and a healthy diet can decrease the risk of breast cancer.
Another form of cancer that increases with age is prostate cancer. Men in their 50s have a 2.26% chance of developing prostate cancer in the next 10 years, while men in their 60s have a 6.29% chance of developing prostate cancer in the next 10 years. They have a 7.52 percent chance of getting prostate cancer in the next 10 years and a 10.3 percent chance of getting prostate cancer in the next 10 years among males at age 70. It is often said that within their prostate gland, up to 80-90 percent of all males aged 80 or more have some prostate cancer cells.
What is Cancer of the Prostate?
The prostate gland is part of the system of male reproduction. Its role is to create the fluid in the ejaculate that makes up male semen. The prostate gland is approximately the size of a walnut in most males. It is located just beneath the bladder and it passes through the male urethra.
In addition to skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most prevalent cancer in men who live in the US. There are two main types: prostate cancer that is slow growing and prostate cancer that is more aggressive. Most men have slow-growing prostate cancer and, like fast-growing prostate cancer, do not need much aggressive treatment.
Cancer of the prostate gland usually remains inside the prostate gland and causes urinary dribbling symptoms, difficulty getting a strong urinary stream, and pelvic pain. If it spreads, it usually spreads to nearby pelvic structures, although the bone can be metastasized by aggressive prostate cancer.
Prostate Cancer Causes
No one knows the exact cause of prostate cancer, but it appears to be hereditary in some cases. It also occurs in higher numbers among men who eat fat from red meat and have a greater than average weight. Charred meat triggers prostate cancer, too. Prostate cancer has been found to be more prevalent in parts of the world where the consumption of dairy products and meat is high and soy products, vegetables, and rice are lower.
Hormones have an influence on breast cancer as well. In the body, men who eat a lot of fat have increased amounts of testosterone, which improves prostate cancer growth.
There is also a greater incidence of prostate cancer in men who work in the following industries:
- Industries using cadmium
- Industries that make rubber
- Production of batteries
- Welding Sectors
However, those who take triglyceride-lowering medications, cholesterol-lowering drugs, finasteride, and aspirin are relatively protected from prostate cancer. Failure to exercise is associated with prostate cancer.
Prostate Cancer Types Prevention
By eating a diet high in broccoli, cabbage, and cauliflower as well as tomato sauce, you can lower your risk of developing prostate cancer. Through diet and exercise, maintaining a normal weight can help to prevent prostate cancer.
With age, the incidence of lung cancer increases. About 2/3rds of individuals who are 65 years of age or older are diagnosed with lung cancer. In people who are under 45 years of age, only about 2 percent of lung cancer is seen. Most statistics place the average age at about 70 years when lung cancer is detected. In total, you have a risk of getting lung cancer at a rate of about 1 in 13 men if you are a man. The risk of getting lung cancer in women is about 1 in 16 women.
What is cancer of the Pulmonary?
Lung cancer involves the formation of cells in the tissue of the lungs that are abnormal. There are several forms of pulmonary cancer, including cancer of large cells, cancer of small cells, and mesothelioma. Each is treated slightly differently, to rid the body of cancer using surgery, radiation therapy, and immunological therapy.
Pulmonary Cancer Causes
Cigarette smoking is the source of the vast majority of cases of lung cancer. About 90 per cent of lung cancer deaths are accounted for by smoking. This means that in male smokers, the risk of getting lung cancer is 23 times greater in a smoker than in men who do not smoke. For women, similar statistics exist.
Other causes of lung cancer include exposure to radon gas from the ground, which can be found in homes with the highest level of radon gas in the soil. Risk factors for getting lung cancer are also exposure to asbestos and air pollution.
Pulmonary Cancer Prevention
To prevent lung cancer, the number one thing you can do is never start smoking or quit if you smoke. The risk of getting lung cancer can also be reduced by reducing your exposure to radon gas (having a radon gas detector in your home) and reducing asbestos exposure.
Another form of cancer with an increased incidence of aging is colon cancer. A man at the age of 50 has a 0.68% chance of getting colon cancer in the next ten years, according to the CDC, while a man at the age of 60 has a 1.26% chance of getting colon cancer in the next 10 years. They have a 1.96 percent chance of getting colon cancer in the next 10 years for men aged 70, and a 3.46 percent chance of getting colon cancer in the next 20 years for men aged 70.
What’s cancer of the colon?
In general, colon cancer arises from pre-malignant polyps which form inside the colon. Polyps are growths that come out of the colon’s inner lining and develop very slowly. The cells of the polyp get cancerous at some point, leading to colon cancer.
Colon Cancer Causes
Colon cancer rises with age, but can be seen in younger individuals with a strong history of colon cancer in the family. Familial polyposis syndrome, in which the colon has numerous polyps, any of which may become cancerous, is one of the conditions causing an early risk of cancer. Overweight people have a higher risk of developing colon cancer, as do people with Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis.
Colon Cancer Prevention
By maintaining a normal weight through exercise and eating a low-calorie diet, colon cancer can partly be prevented. Through colon cancer screening, colon cancer is also largely prevented. Colon cancer screening includes having a colonoscopy starting at age 50 (earlier if you are high risk). Before they can become cancerous, colonoscopies can remove polyps from the colon. Evaluations of colonoscopies are repeated every 10 years.